Normative Framework on Sexual Violence

Normative Framework on Sexual Violence

Since 2000, with the adoption of resolution 1325, a broad set of norms has been established concerning sexual violence in (post) conflict settings. 'Women, Peace and Secutiry' has become a seperate topic and sexual violence has since than for the first time been acknowledged as threat to women and girls during and after armed conflicts.
 
Resolution 1325 (2000)
Resolution 1325 looked at several aspects of the impact of conflict on women and girls and expressed concern that armed conflict has a disproportionate effect on them. It recognised that women’s needs should be taken into account by those planning demobilisation and reintegration programs. The resolution also stresses the importance of equal participation of women in peace and security processes, as wel as the need to increase their decision-making rolesin conflict prevention and conflict resolution. 
 
Resolution 1820 (2008)
In the jurisprudence that came out of the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, it emerged that sexual violence had been a specific tactic of war and was recognised as a crime against humanity and also as an act of genocide. Resolution 1820 addressed sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict situations and expressed the Council’s willingness to use sanctions against perpetrators of sexual violence in armed conflict.
 
Resolution 1888 (2009)
Resolution 1888, adopted on 30 September 2009, aimed at strengthening efforts to end sexual violence against women and children in armed conflict and established the mandate of the Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict. It also further developed language regarding the Council’s consideration of expanding sanctions regimes to include sexual violence as designation criteria and called for all relevant UN missions and bodies to share information with sanctions committees through expert groups.
 
Resolution 1889 (2009)
On 5 October 2009, the Council adopted resolution 1889, addressing the need to take into account women’s protection and empowerment in post-conflict situations. This resolution reinforced resolution 1325, and as resolution 1888 did in relation to resolution 1820, focused on how to implement key elements of resolution 1325. In terms of practical application, it called upon the Secretary-General to submit to the Security Council a set of indicators for use at the global level to track implementation of resolution 1325.
 
Resolution 1960 (2010)
Resolution 1960, adopted on 16 December 2010, requested the Secretary-General to establish monitoring, analysis and reporting arrangements on conflict-related sexual violence. The resolution also called upon parties to armed conflict to make time-bound commitments to prohibit and punish perpetrators of sexual violence.

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